A special Imam Zamana atfs Quiz will to be held on the Saturday 20th April 2019 at Idara-e-Jaaferiya

Maghribain Jamat Prayers: 8:21 pm

Imam Mahdi Quiz: 9:00 pm

A’amal Neema Shaban: 11:00 pm

Age groups:
>7 to 8 years
>9 to 10 years
>11-12 years
>13-15 years

All participants are required to read the paragraphs below (according to their age group). Questions will be from these.

Prize Distribution Ceremony
On Sunday 21st April after Maghrib prayers, for all top 1st ,2nd and 3rd winners

1st Prize: £15 cash
2nd Prize: £10 cash
3rd Prize: £5 cash


For age (7-8)
The name of our 12th imam (as) is “Mohammad Mahdi” he was born on Friday 15th of Shaban. His father is the our 11th imam “imam Hassan Askeri (as). His mother was Lady Nargis Khatoon. The imam went into Ghaybat at the age of 5.Two famous titles Of The Imam are “Al-Mahdi” and “Imam-e-Zamana” When we hear the name Of The imam it’s highly recommended to put our hands on our heads to show respect. Friday is associated with the imam, this is as he was both born on a Friday and Friday will be the day of his Zahoor. Zahoor means “reappearance” . That’s why we should recite ziarat imam e Zamana every Friday. The imams main task will be to “establish justice”. One of the most famous dates of his reappearance according to the narrations is 23rd Ramadan. According to the narrations his stand for justice will start on the 10th of Muharram. Our responsibility during the Imams Ghayabh is to behave properly and perform our Wajibat and stay away from Haram.


For age (9-10)
The name of our 12th imam (as) is “Mohammad Mahdi” he was born on Friday 15th of Shaban. His father is the our 11th imam “imam Hassan Askeri (as). His mother was Lady Nargis Khatoon. The imam went into Ghaybat at the age of 5. Two famous titles Of The Imam are “Al-Mahdi” and “Imam-e-Zamana” When we hear the name of the imam it’s highly recommended to put our hands on our heads to show respect. Friday is associated with the imam, this is as he was both born on a Friday and Friday will be the day of his Zahoor. Zahoor means “reappearance” . That’s why we should recite ziarat imam e Zamana every Friday. The imam’s main task will be to “establish justice”. One of the most famous dates of his reappearance according to the narrations is 23rd Ramadan. According to the narrations his stand for justice will start on the 10th of Muharram. Our responsibility during the Imams Ghaybah is to behave properly and perform our Wajibat and stay away from Haram.
The best quality within the supporters of the imam must be his “taqwa” (piousness) This quality is very important because in Surah Hujuraat verse 13 Allah states that “surely the most honourable of you with Allah is the one most pious”. Prophet Isa (as) (Jesus) will be the prophet that returns with the 12th Imam. There are four Duas related to the 12th imam that are famous:

1) Dua of safety Of The imam
This is the most famous dua and it is recommended we should recite this every day.

2) Dua Ahad.
It is recommended to read this dua for 40 consecutive days after Fajar Salah

3) Dua Nudbah.
This should be recited every Friday morning.

4) Dua Iftitah
This is a special prayer of Ramadan that should be recited every night.

The gahybah of our imam started from the city of Samarah (in Iraq)
The most famous Ziarat Of The imams is “Ziarat Aale Yaseen”
It is recommended that we should give sadqa (charity) for our imam every day.


For age (11-12)
Hazrat Imam Mahdi (aj) is the twelfth and last of the chain of the Purified Imams (as) and the divine successors. He was born at the time of dawn, on Friday the 15th of Shaban 255 A.H. in the city of Samarrah.

His respected father is Imam Hasan al-Askari (as). His beloved mother is Janab al-Nargis Khatoon (ra). She was the descendant of the Caesar of Rome from her father’s side and from her mother’s side she had descended from shamoon the vicegerant of Hazrat Isa (as).

This exalted personality has the same name and kunniyat (agnomen) as the Holy Prophet (S). His titles are Mahdi, Hujjat, Qaem, Montazer, Sahibuzzaman and Khalaf al-saleh. His most famous honourific however is Al-Mahdi (aj).

Ibn Khallikaan writes; “His well-known title is Hujjat. The shias know him by the titles, Montazar, Qaem and Mahdi”

The great scholar Mohaddith al-Noori has collected 182 titles of Imam Mahdi (aj) from the Islamic texts. Each of these titles signify each of his virtuous qualities.

The tyrant Abbasid rulers were aware of the prophecies of the Holy Prophet (S). That the son of Imam Hasan al-Askari (as) by the name of Mahdi will appear to remove all kinds of corruption and tyranny; hence they planned to eliminate the child when he is bom. Due to this the birth of Imam Mahdi (aj) was kept a secret like that of Hazrat Ibrahim (as). So much so that except for the most trusted of the shias and his own family, no one knew of the existence of Hazrat (as). In spite of this whenever there was an opportunity, Imam Hasan al-Askari (as) showed his son to his trustworthy followers; that in future they may follow him. This was in order that the shias may remain firm upon the right path, and not be led astray. A servant Abu Ghanim says:

“Abu Muhammad (as) has a son whose name is Muhammad.” On the third day of his birth he brought him before his companions and said:

“After me he is your Master of the affair, he is my successor, he is the same ‘Qaem’, who is awaited by alt When the earth will be fraught with injustice and oppression then he will reappear and fill the earth with justice and righteousness.”

The early years of his life were spent in the usual way. When he was in his fifth year, he lost his respected father.

After this tragic event the responsibility of guiding the shias was transferred upon him. At this time, Hazrat (as) possessed all the qualities and the divine knowledge that was bestowed upon the previous Imams (as), by the Almighty. In the same way as Hazrat Yahya (as) in his childhood and Hazrat Isa (as) in his infancy was favoured with the divine office of Prophethood by Allah.

Although all the Imams (as) were holding the divine office of wilayat, the efforts of the enemies to eliminate the twelfth Imam (as) were maximum. Hence Imam az-Zaman (as) was entrusted to ghaibat and being away from the sight of people, he had to fulfill all the duties of an Imam.

It is said that the concealed life of Hazrat Mahdi (aj) is not something extraordinary. Rather, in the life of so many Prophets (as) and even Imams (as) it is seen, that they were at some time, in concealment from the people. The Holy Quran records the concealment of various prophets (as) like Hazrat Ibrahim (as), Hazrat Musa (as)10 and Hazrat Isa (as)

The Holy Prophet (S) and the Imams (as) had pointed out to the people the imminent occultation of their last proof (Imam Mahdi-aj), so that no doubt or misunderstanding should remain, regarding this problem.

The occultation (Ghaibat) of the twelfth Imam consists of two phases: one is Ghaibat al-Sughra (The lesser occultation) and the second is Ghaibat al-Kubra (The greater occultation). Imam Ja’far as Sadiq (as) said:

‘There are two occultations for Qaem. One is short and the other prolonged. In the short occultation only the special shias will know of his whereabouts. And in the longer occultation only his trustworthy servants will know where he is”

According to the well-known reports, the lesser occultation (ghaibat al-sugra) commenced from the year of his Imamat in 260 A.H and continued for 69 years. Some of the scholars like Shaykh Mufeed and Syed Mohsin Amin Amili maintain that ghaibat al-sugra began right from the time of his birth.

Because, even in those early years, Hazrat (aj) was concealed from the common people. According to this method, the period of ghaibat al-sugra comes to seventy four years.

During the period of ghaibat al-sugra. Imam Mahdi (aj) himself appointed his deputies from among the righteous shias. Four of them succeeded each other and continued to fulfill the duty of intermediaries. These four personalities conveyed the questions and problems to Imam (aj) and brought back the Imam’s (aj) answers for the people. The first of these deputies was Janab Abu Amroo Usman Bin Saeed Amri. Before this he was a representative of Imam Hasan al Askari (as)

Shaykh Tusi writes: “On the fortieth day the shias were sitting in the company of Imam Hasan al-Askari (as), when Imam Askari (as) wished that they recognise his Hujyat after him….. Suddenly a handsome child was brought before them. He resembled Abu Muhammad (as).

Then Imam al-Askari (as) said: “He is your Imam after me. And my successor upon you. Obey him, and do not go astray after me (after my death), otherwise your religion shall be destroyed and you will be annihilated. Know that, after today you shall not see him, even if you spend your whole life for it. Hence, accept what Usman tells you, obey his commands and listen to what he says. Because he is the representative of your Imam and holds the responsibility.

After the death of Usman bin Saeed, his pious son, Muhammad bin Usman succeeded his father upon the post of the deputyship of Imam az-Zaman (aj).

Shaikh Tusi has recorded the letters sent by Imam Hasan al Askari (as) and Imam Mahdi (aj) to Usman bin Saeed and his son Abu Jafar Muhammad ibne Usman for the shias. These letters consists of commands, prohibitions and replies to the questions of the shias.

Muhammad ibne Usman passed away from this world at the end of Jamadi-ul-Awwal in the year 304 or 305 A.H.

During the time of his illness, as he laid on the sick-bed, the shias and their children came and surrounded him. They asked: “If something happens, whom should we consult instead of you?” He answered, “This Abul Qasim Husayn ibn Ruh ibne Bahr Nawbakhti is successor. And he is the intermediary between you and the Master affair (Imam Mahdi- aj), and his agent. He is trustworthy and reliable. Consult him, and in case of important matters, rely upon him. I have been ordered to announce this, and I have announced it”

Husain Ibn Ruh Nawbakhti was. one of the agents of Muhammad ibn Usman in Baghdad. He had been working closely with him for a long time. These agents used to be in contact with the people and when ordered they handed over the goods to them20. Husayn ibn Ruh died in Shaban 326 A.H

The last safir was Abul Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Seymoori. He became the deputy of Imam Mahdi (aj) according to the will of Husain ibn Ruh. He died after three years on the 15th of Shaban 329 A.H.

The graves (tombs) of these four respected deputies (Nawwab al -Arba, as they are commonly known) are situated in Baghdad.

The most sensitive and crucial period of ghaibat al-sugra was when Ali Ibn Mohammad died. Because till his death the people were is contact with Imam az-Zaman (aj) through him. After his death, it was the commencement of Ghaibat al-Kubra.

Six days before his death, Ali ibn Muhammad Seymoori received a communication from Imam az-Zaman (aj):

“…so be prepared, but appoint no one in your place, because from the day of your death, the period of my major occupation (Gaibatui Kubra) will begin. Henceforth, no one will see me, unless and until Allah makes me appear. My reappearance will take place after a very long time, when the world will be full of injustice and violence”.

Ultimately, the shining sun of the divine proof went behind the curtain of Ghaibat, completely. And the period of communication with Hazrat (through Nawab al-Arba) came to an end. In spite of this (his Ghaibat) Hazrat Mahdi (aj) is the Imam of the time and Imam of the world. He is the Divine Proof. Even though his person may be hidden from our eyes but his commands are clear.

Amirul Momineen Ali (as) announced from his pulpit at Kufa: “Even if the person of the Divine Proof is hidden while he guides the people, his knowledge and manners will be clear for them to follow”

It is clear that the knowledge and practice of Imam Asr (as) is impeccable like the Quran. As was the sunnat of the Holy Prophet (S). It is obligatory for the people of faith (muslims) to act upon the Quran and sunnat, and to refrain from what they prohibit. The Holy Prophet (S) said:

“I leave behind two weighty things among you: The Book of Allah and my Progeny, my Ahlul Bayt If you adhere to those two you shall not go astray. And know that these two shall not separate till they meet me at Hauz (Kauthar)”

During the period of Ghaibat al-Kubra, when it is not possible to establish communication with Imam az-Zaman (as) at will, the people have been ordered to follow the true teachings of the Quran and Ahlul Bayt (as) through the pious and religious scholars and the just jurists. The people must follow them to know what obligations they are supposed to fulfill.

Imam as-Sadiq (as):

“And among jurists (Fuqaha) are those who protect their selves (from sins) guard their religion, defy their carnal desires and are obedient to their master. It is incumbent upon the people to follow them. Such characteristics are found only in a few of them (Shias) and not all”

The jurists issue decrees for the people and explain to them truth about faith. They endeavour to fulfill the exalted duty of preparing the grounds for the reappearance of their master, Hazrat Mahdi (aj). So that by the coming of Hazrat (as) the Islamic faith may strengthen and that he may fill the earth with justice and equity.


For age (13-15)

“Mahdawiyyah” is the belief about a universal saviour. All heavenly religions like Judaism,
Zoroastrianism, Christianity and Islam make a prominent mention about it. They hold that the last age
will witness a person who will emancipate the people from all corruption and evil. Through him, the
oppressed will regain their rights and breathe freely.
This creed is not limited to Islam but is an established faith of all religions. Support for the weak,
termination of oppression and enlivening the dead are all matters related to the belief in the promised
Mahdi. Studies establish the archaism of “Mahdawiyyah”.
This matter has been subjected to distortion in all divine books except the Holy Qur’an. But truth can
never be eradicated completely. Some sentences still remain in these ancient scriptures that help us in
tracing the belief about the Promised Mahdi in them. It is related to prophecies and the Holy Qur’an
testifies about it. Its origin is in Divine revelation and beyond the reach of any human.
Many traditions prove the coming of the Mahdi, as evidenced by this tradition from the Holy Prophet
“Even if one day remains for the end of the world, Allah the Almighty will prolong it to such an extent till a
man appears from my family. His name will be my name and his agnomen will be my agnomen. He will
fill the earth with justice and equity as it would be fraught with oppression and corruption.”

An examination of the religious books of the different religions conclusively proves that the belief in the
Promised Mahdi is not exclusive only to the Muslims. Even other religions have this belief as is
1) Kitab us Zind the religious book of the Parsis mentions about the end of Injustice and the victory of
the righteous as follows:
“There is a constant conflict between the armies of Ahreman and Yazdan for supremacy in the land.
Though mostly Ahreman is victorious yet Yazdan is never fully vanquished such that neither he nor his
progeny remain. In difficulties, he receives help from God (Avarmazd) as he is His son. Thus, their war
will go on for 9000 years until finally Yazdan receives a great victory. Ahreman’s army will be defeated
and no trace of his followers will remain in the heavens and the earth. Following the complete defeat of
Ahreman and the conclusive victory of Yazdan the world will progress towards its perfection and
happiness. Men will enjoy lasting peace and victory.”1
In the book Jamsabnaamah it is mentions that: “In the land of Taziyaan, from the progeny of Bani
Hashim, a person will rise. He will possess a large head, a husky voice, and long shins. He will follow
the religion of his ancestors. He will come to Persia with a big army. He will enliven the land with justice
and equity.”
At another place it is mentioned: “The Great Reformer will spread the religion in the Land. He will
eradicate poverty and scarcity. He will successfully support Yazdan against Ahreman. He will lead
humanity through an ethical, moral and intellectual revolution”.
2) Shakmuni is considered as an intellectual in Indian Mythology. He is also believed to be a messenger
and a possessor of divine communication. He describes the spiritual leader of humanity thus: “In those
days there will be a religion (All worldly authority will terminate in the hands of the son of the leader of
the two worlds Jamnad Kishan). The mountains of the east and the west will be under his authority. He
will travel on the clouds. The angels will be his servants. Men and Jinn all will submit to him. His rule will
spread in the lands of the east and the west and even beyond the oceans. There will be only one divine
religion. Divine religion will be enlivened and everyone will believe and have recognition of only one
The Vedas which is considered as the divine book of the Hindus record thus: “After the world suffers
heavy destruction, a King will appear in the Last Age. He will be called “the Helped One” and will be a
Universal Leader. He will rule on the entire world and will collect all people on one religion. He will
recognize every person from the believers as well as the disbelievers. He will be the one who actualizes
God’s will.
In the Old Testament, it is written that: “Let your waist be girded and your lamps burning. Be like men
watching for their lord, when he returns from the marriage feast; that, when he comes and knocks, they
may immediately open to him. Blessed are those servants, whom the lord will find watching when he
comes….. Therefore be ready also, for the Son of Man is coming in an hour that you don’t expect him.”
(Luke 12:35-36)
In the Old Testament, the divine book of the Jews, it is mentioned that; “A shoot will come up from the
stump of Jesse; from his roots a branch will bear fruit. The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him…… with
righteousness he will judge the needy, with justice he will give decisions for the poor of the earth. ……
The wolf will live with the lamb, the leopard will lie down with the goat, the calf and the lion and the
yearling together; and a little child will lead them. The cow will feed with the bear, their young will lie
down together, and the lion will eat straw like the ox. The infant will play near the lair of the cobra and
put his hand into it. They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be full of
the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.” (Isaiah 11:1-10)
5) In the Psalms, it is mentioned that: “For evil men will be cut off, but those who hope in the LORD will
inherit the land. A little while, and the wicked will be no more; though you look for them, they will not be
found. But the meek will inherit the land and enjoy great peace.” (Psalm 37: 9-12)

It is an accepted fact that the belief of the promised Mahdi is found with the Shi’as who are the believers
in Imamat. Many verses from the Holy Qur’an and thousands of traditions are available in this regard.
Numerous books of the Ahlul Sunnat that contained traditions on this topic became the target of bias.
The reigns of Bani Umayya and Bani Abbas were the periods when the enemies of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.)
were in power. They never gave a chance to Muslim historians to relate traditions on this subject.
Petty politics and concealment of the truth were the foundations on which the governments of Bani
Umayya and Bani Abbas were raised. Their main aim was to keep a partisan attitude in matters of
Imamat. How could the usurpers of Imamat allow any such tradition to remain in the books? Yet, the
mention of Hazrat al-Mahdi (a.t.f.s.) is found in some of the important books of Ahlul Sunnat. We
produce some examples hereunder:
Huzaifa said: “The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was delivering a sermon in which he was forewarning about
the future conditions. In the same sermon he (s.a.w.a.) said that:
“Even if the life of the world remains only for a single day, Allah will lengthen it to such an extent till a
person from my progeny appears (to rule the world). His name will be my name.”
Salman asked, “O Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.)! From where will your son appear? He (s.a.w.a.) placed his
hand on the back of Imam Husain (a.s.) and said: ‘That son of mine will be from him’.”1
Abdullah Ibn Masood narrates that the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said:
“Even if one day remains for the end of the world, Allah the High shall lengthen that day to such an
extent that a person from my nation and my family will establish divine leadership. His name will be the
same as mine. He will fill the earth with justice and equity as it would be fraught with injustice and
Elsewhere he (s.a.w.a.) mentioned that:
“The promised Mahdi is from my progeny and from the children of Fatimah.”3
Abu Saeed Khudri narrates from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) that:
“In the last period, kings will subject my nation to calamities. One cannot even bear to listen to their
atrocities. The vast earth will become small and narrow for them as it would be replete with oppression
and tyranny. The believers will not find any sanctuary from oppression. Then, Allah will send a man from
my family. He will fill the earth with justice and equity just as it was previously filled with oppression and
tyranny. The inhabitants of the earth and the skies will become happy with him. The earth will reveal its
treasures for him. The skies will shower rains. Men will desire life again. He will live among the people
for 7 or 9 years.”4
It is also narrated from the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) that he said:
“Our Mahdi has a broad forehead and a deep insight. He will fill the earth with justice and equity as it
was filled with oppression and tyranny. He will rule for 7 years

The preceding discussions indisputably establish the fact concerning the Islamic belief in Mahdawiyyah
and the reappearance from occultation of a divine reformer. History records that while some people have
falsely represented themselves as the promised Mahdi, some others have been erroneously attributed
as Mahdi by either ignorant and harassed people or the selfish motives of others have foisted
Mahdawiyyah on them.
Some of the pseudo-Mahdis in history are as follows:
Abu Ishaq Abu Abidah Saqafi, Abu Muhammad Abdullah al-Mahdi, Abu Abdullah al-Magrebi, Mahdi alSudani, Sayed Muhammad Jaunpuri Hindi, Musa Kurdi, Mahdi al-Bengali, Ghulam Ahmad Qadiyani,
Sayed Bab and Bahaaullah.

It is a practice among the Shi’as that whenever the name “Qa’im (a.s.)” is pronounced in their
gatherings, all of them stand up in reverence. Though this action is not established as an obligatory one,
it is prevalent as a highly recommended act for expressing deference for the beloved Imam (a.t.f.s.).
Imam As-Sadiq (a.s.) was asked, “What is the reason for standing while mentioning the title al-Qa’im?”
He (a.s.) replied:
“Sahib al-‘Amr (a.s.) will have a long occultation. Whenever he will be addressed by the title al-Qa’im,
due to the intense love which his followers will have for him, they will remember his noble era and
express sorrow at his present distress. Reciprocating this action, even Hazrat (a.t.f.s.) is benevolently
attentive towards them. Since this condition results in receiving the attention of Imam (a.t.f.s), it is
recommended to stand as a mark of respect for him and pray for his early reappearance.”1
In certain conditions, it becomes compulsory to stand. When either this title or any of his other titles are
mentioned in a gathering and all the people stand up respectfully. In such a situation if someone does
not rise, it would be equivalent to insulting him. Here, not rising will necessarily be forbidden.
Ayatullah Sayed Mahmood Taleqani (r.a.) says: “Perhaps this practice of standing is not just for the
purpose of respect, as otherwise it would be necessary even on the mentioning of the names of Allah,
the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and the other Imams (a.s.). Standing is an indication of the preparedness
and support for him in relation to the worldly resurgence… All oppression and difficulties started in the
unpleasant era of the Ummayyad government. Thereafter, this (oppression) continued in the Crusades,
the conquest of the Mongols and the suffocation under the colonial rule. They lorded over the people but
finally became naught. But the religious government of true Islam will always remain powerful. It will be
established by the true guides personified in the word Qa’im. By standing we demonstrate our
eagerness for helping in its affair.”

The following traditions narrated from the infallible Imams (a.s.) sufficiently answer this question:
Imam Zainul Abedin (a.s.) said:
“In our Qa’im are found the characteristics of the Prophets (s.a.w.a.). They are similar to those of our
father Hazrat Adam (a.s.), Hazrat Nuh (a.s.), Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.), Hazrat Isa (a.s.), Hazrat Ayyub (a.s.),
and Hazrat Muhammad Mustafa (s.a.w.a.). As regards Hazrat Adam (a.s.) and Hazrat Nuh (a.s.), it is
their long life. As regards Hazrat Ibrahim (a.s.), it is his secret birth and staying away from the people. In
case of Hazrat Musa (a.s.), it is the fear and his disappearance. In case of Hazrat Isa (a.s.), it is the
controversy among the people about him. In case of Hazrat Ayub (a.s.), it is his perfection after his great
test. And in the case of Hazrat Muhammad (s.a.w.a.), it is his coming out with a sword.”1
Muhammad Ibn Muslim narrates: I went to Imam Al-Baqir (a.s.) and asked him about the Qa’im of AaliMuhammad (a.t.f.s.). He (a.s.) replied:
“O Muhammad Ibn Muslim! The Qa’im of Aali Muhammad (a.t.f.s.) has the similarities of five Prophets
(a.s.): Hazrat Yunus Ibn Matta (a.s.), Hazrat Yusuf Ibn Yaqub (a.s.), Hazrat Musa (a.s.), Hazrat Isa (a.s.)
and Hazrat Muhammad (s.a.w.a.).”
“His similarity with Hazrat Yunus (a.s.) is his occultation from which he returned to his village as a youth
though he had grown old. His similarity with Hazrat Yusuf (a.s.) is his concealment from his near ones,
the people in general and his brothers. The severity of his affair for his father Hazrat Yaqub (a.s.)
although he was not very far from his father, his relatives and his people. His similarity with Hazrat Musa
(a.s.) is his severe anxiety from the people and his long and secret occultation which started right from
his birth and the seeking of refuge of his followers due to the torment and wretchedness which reached
to them after him.
This continued till Allah, the High by His command, granted him victory over his enemies. His similarity
with Hazrat Isa (a.s.) is the dispute regarding him among the people. A group alleged that he has not yet
been born, while another group claimed that he has expired. Yet another assumed that he was killed by
“His similarity to his forefather Hazrat Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) is his rising with the sword and slaying the
enemies of God and the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) , the oppressors , the ruffians and conquering them with the
sword. His awe will be visible in their hearts. Among the signs of his rising is the revolt of Sufyani from
Syria and of a Yemeni from Yemen. A divine call will be heard in the Holy month of Ramadhan, which
will call out his name and the name of his father .”

Name: M-H-M-D
Famous Titles: Mahdi, Mau’ood, Wali- al-Asr, Sahebuz Zamaan, Qa’im, Muntazar, Hujjatullah,
Muntaqim, etc.
Kuniyyat: Abul Qasim, Abu Abdillah.
Names of Parents: Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.) and Janab Narjis Khatoon (s.a.w.a.).
Time and place of Birth: Born in Samarra, a city in Iraq, on 15th of Shabaan in the year 255 A.H. Till the
age of five, he lived an obscure life under the care of his father.
The Minor Occultation: After the martyrdom of Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.), he assumed the
responsibilities of Imamat. Immediately thereafter in 260 A.H., with the permission of the Almighty, the
Minor Occultation started. This lasted for sixty nine years till 329 A.H. In this period there were four
special representatives who played the role of intermediaries between him and the people.
The Major Occultation: It commenced in the year 329 A.H. With this, the period of special representation
ended and the era of general representation began. The major occultation will continue so long as Allah
desires. Allah will make him reappear to fill this world with justice whenever He so desires.


According to both the Shi’a as well as Sunni historians, Imam e Zamaana (a.t.f.s.) is already born. This
is a well established historical fact.
For example, the famous Sunni historian ‘Ali Ibn Masoodi says: “In 260 A.H. during the reign of Motamid
Abassi, Abu Muhammad Hasan Ibn ‘Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn ‘Ali Ibn Musa Ibn Ja’far Ibn Muhammad Ibn
‘Ali Ibn Husain Ibn ‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) expired. His age at the time of his death was 29 years. He is
the father of the awaited Mahdi.”1
Shaikh Sulaiman Qunduzi says: “According to the authentic reports, Qa’im was born in the night of the
15th of Shabaan in the year 255A.H. in the city of Samarra.”2
misguidance and corruption. They knew that he will be the son of Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.). They
conspired to extinguish this light. Therefore, right from the day of his birth, his whereabouts were kept
secret. So, the people in general could not set eyes on him. But some of the companions of Imam
Hasan al-Askari (a.s.) had the honor of visiting him. Few of them have been recorded as follows:
1) Hakimah Khatoon: She was the daughter of Imam Muhammad al-Taqi (a.s.), the sister of Imam ‘Ali
Naqi al-Hadi (a.s.) and the aunt of Imam Hasan al- Askari (a.s.). She saw Hazrat Mahdi (a.s.) in the
night of his birth itself. Two slave girls Naseem and Maariyah narrate: “When the child was born, he
prostrated on the ground and raising the index finger towards the sky, he sneezed and said:
“Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Universe and blessings of Allah be upon Muhammad and his
2) Abu Basir: He was a servant who said: “I presented myself before Sahebuz Zaman (a.s.) while he
was in the cradle. I went near him and did salaam.” Hazrat (a.s.) asked: “Did you recognize me?” He
replied: “You are my elder and my leader and the son of my Imam…” Then Imam (a.t.f.s.) said:
“I am the last of the successors and through me difficulties shall be lifted from my family and my
3) Saad Ibn Abdullah e Qummi: According to numerous reports, he went to Saamarra for visiting Hazrat
Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.). He saw a child who was like a luminous moon. On asking about him, he
was replied:
“He is Mahdi, the Qa’im of Aale Muhammad (a.t.f.s.).”5
4) A group of Shi’as: Once a group of 40 Shi’as came in the presence of the 11th Imam, Imam Hasan
al-Askari (a.s.). They asked him to introduce the divine proof after him. Imam (a.s.) accepted their
request and introduced to them his son. He emerged as a full moon, resembling his father, Imam Askari
(a.s.), who said:
“After me, this son of mine is your Imam and my Caliph among you. You all obey him. Don’t scatter
away from his leadership lest you and your religion be destroyed. Also, know that you shall not see him
again after today till a very long time. Therefore, you all should obey his representative.”6
5) Abu Sahal Naubakhti: He chronicles: “When he was seriously ill, Imam Askari (a.s.) called for his son
to be brought near him. Imam Mahdi (a.t.f.s.), who was a child then, responded accordingly. The son
saluted the father. I looked at him. His colour was shining white. His hair was rolled up and curly. His
teeth were wide. Imam Hasan (a.s.) addressed him as, “O Chief of the people of his house”. He then
asked his help in consuming the medicine which was brewing next to him. He assisted accordingly.
Imam Askari (a.s.) performed ablutions and said to his son:
“O my son! You are the Mahdi and the proof of Allah on the earth.”7

As has been explained previously that due to the exceptional conditions of that time, except a very select
group none had seen Imam Mahdi (a.s.). These selective meetings continued till the day of the demise
of the eleventh Imam (a.s.). That is, the eight of Rabee’ al- Awwal, 260 A.H. On this day, perhaps due to
four reasons, Imam Mahdi (a.s.) revealed himself to all and was present in the burial ceremonies of his
honourable father, Imam Askari (a.s.) along with his assembly of relatives. These possible reasons were
as follows:
1) Only an Imam can lead the funeral prayers of an Imam. For observing this divine practice, it was
necessary for Imam Mahdi (a.s.) to reveal himself and perform the funeral prayers in front of the bier of
his father.
2) To prevent any representative of the Caliph from reciting the funeral prayers over the holy bier of the
eleventh Imam (a.s.), announcing the termination of the flow of Imamat and introducing the tyrant
Abbaside Caliph as the Imam of the Shiites.
3) To prevent corruption from entering the proceedings of the matter of Imamat. Jaafar, the son of Imam
‘Ali al-Hadi (a.s.) and the brother of Imam Askari (a.s.) had an evil stratagem to claim the position of
Imamat. He had come with an intention to lead the funeral prayers on the bier of the martyred Imam
4) For verifying the continuation of the true chain of Imamat and Islamic Mastership. To announce to the
believers in Imamat that after Imam Hasan al-Askari (a.s.), there is the twelfth Imam responsible for
spiritual successorship, the Islamic message and religious as well as worldly mastership. He has been
born and is very much present.1
The Abbasids now knew that this is the era when, the annihilator of the oppressors, the subsider of the
tyrants, and the avenger of the blood of the oppressed has been born and is very much present amongst

The real name of Hazrat Mahdi (a.t.f.s.) is “M-H-M-D” which is the same as that of the Holy Prophet
(s.a.w.a.). The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) had prophesied,
“His name will be my name and his agnomen will be my agnomen.”1
His agnomen is Abul Qasim. He is also addressed as Abu Saaleh, Abu Abdillah, Abu Ibrahim, Abu Ja’far
and Abu Husain.”2
His Titles are:
This is his most famous title. The word “Mahdi” is derived from the infinitive of guidance and means the
one who has been guided by the Almighty. In this context Imam As-Sadiq (a.s.) was asked, “Why is he
called al-Mahdi?” He (a.s.) replied:
“Because he will be guided to every hidden affair .”3
Also, it has been narrated from Imam Al-Baqir (a.s.):
“He is named Mahdi as, he will guide to a hidden affair”4
This means the one who will rise with the truth. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said:
“Al-Qa’im has been named so because he will rise after the oblivion of his name.”5
When Imam Muhammad al-Taqi (a.s.) was asked:
“Why has he been named al-Qa’im?” He (a.s.) replied:
“Because he will rise after the oblivion of his name and the refutation of his Imamate by the majority of
While explaining the Qur’anic verse:
“…Whosoever is killed unjustly….” (Surah al-Isra’, 17:35)
Imam Al-Baqir (a.s.) said: “It refers to Husain Ibn ‘Ali (a.s.).”
Regarding the second part of the verse:
“…We have assigned to his heir the authority, so he may not exceed in killing and the one who is
helped (Mansoor)” (Surah al-Isra’, 17:35)
He (a.s.) said:
“Allah has named the Mahdi, al-Mansur as He has named Ahmad, Muhammad and Mahmood and as
Jesus has been named al-Masih”
Imam Muhammad al-Taqi (a.s.) was asked:
“Why is he called Muntazar (one who is awaited)?”
He (a.s.) replied:
“Because the days of his occultation will be prolonged and its duration lengthy, with the sincere ones
waiting his reappearance and the doubters denying it……” 7
It has been narrated in traditions that, when Hazrat (a.t.f.s.) will reappear, he (a.s.) will lean against the
Kaaba. Three hundred and thirteen of his followers will gather around him from far away places. The first
words with which he will address them will be this Qur’anic verse:
“What remains with Allah is better for you if you are believers.” (Surah Hud, 11: 86)
He will then say:
“I am the ‘Baqiyatullah’ (the remnant of Allah). I am His proof and His caliph over you all.”
Then all will salute him thus: “Salutations be upon you, O Baqiyatullah in His earth.”8
In addition, he (a.t.f.s) is also addressed by the following titles:
• Hujjatullah (The proof of Allah)
• Al-Khalaf al-Saaleh (The Virtuous Heir)
• Gharim (The One who seeks)
• Mu’ammal (The One who is hoped for)
• Muntaqim (The Avenger)
• Al-Maa al-Maeen (The flowing water)
• Waliullah (The Friend of Allah)
• Sahibul Amr (Master of the Affair)
• Sahibuz Zamaan (Master of the Age)